According to the World Health Organization, glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. In fact, studies reveal that more than 10% of Americans who are affected by this condition become blind. Viewpoint Vision Care believes that spreading awareness about this disease is key to reducing its prevalence. In today’s post, your reliable eye center shares five important facts about glaucoma:
- Your eyes constantly produce fluids that need to be drained through a trabecular meshwork in your eyes in order to maintain a healthy level of intraocular pressure (IOP). This meshwork is located in the angle formed by your cornea and iris.
- Blockages to this angle or structural infirmities in the mesh channel may disrupt the fluid draining process, resulting in a dangerously high IOP level. Without prompt treatment, this can cause compression and damage to your optic nerve.
- There are two types of glaucoma: primary open-angle and angle-closure. With open-angle glaucoma, fluid accumulates in the eye even if the angle is wide open. This type is more common and is often asymptomatic, especially in the early stages.
- Angle-closure glaucoma develops when obstructions to the mesh channel prevent fluid from draining properly, causing a sudden increase in IOP. You may experience blurry vision, halos around lights, and headaches when this happens, requiring prompt comprehensive eye care from your trusted eye specialist.
- While there is no definitive cure for glaucoma, you can rest assured that your reliable optometrist will create a treatment plan that aims to relieve your symptoms and prevent the disease from progressing.
We will first perform a comprehensive eye exam and glaucoma testing, which generally includes measuring your intraocular pressure (IOP). If we detect an IOP value above 12-22 mmHg, we may prescribe eye drops to help reduce eye fluid production and lower your IOP. If symptoms persist, we may suggest that you undergo microsurgeries or laser procedures. These methods are used to remove blockages or create new fluid emptying channels, increasing your fluid drainage rate.
For more information about glaucoma, call us at (586) 221-4360. We serve Shelby Township, MI, and nearby.