Diabetes is a medical condition characterized by abnormally high blood sugar levels. The condition can cause various health complications, even affecting your eyesight. In fact, recent studies show that diabetic retinopathy is the fifth leading cause of vision loss worldwide. In today’s post, your provider of high-quality eye services, Viewpoint Vision Care, answer common questions about this condition.
Q: What Causes Diabetic Retinopathy?
Increased glucose levels in your blood may cause it to become viscous, making it flow sluggishly. This leads to poor oxygen and nutrient delivery to your eyes, compromising the image translation process.
Q: What Are the Common Symptoms?
Your eyes may grow new blood vessels to compensate for the reduced blood flow. These new blood vessels, however, are inherently fragile and can break easily. When they break, fluid leaks in your eyes, causing your macula to swell. Since the macula plays a major role in your central vision, you may see dark, floating spots across your visual field. You may also need frequent prescription changes for your contact lenses or eye glasses.
Q: Can It Be Prevented?
Undergoing comprehensive eye exams regularly is the best way to maintain your visual health. If you or any of your relatives are diabetic, make sure to have one yearly. This way, we can easily detect signs of diabetic retinopathy and provide prompt, effective treatment.
Q: How Is It Treated?
The primary goal is to control your blood sugar levels. Taking your insulin and other antidiabetic drugs on time is a great place to start. It’s also important to follow your doctor’s suggested diet and lifestyle modifications. Once your glucose levels are stable, we may re-evaluate your eyes to determine the proper lens power for your eye glasses or contact lenses. For more severe cases, we may prescribe medications to help suppress the growth of the abnormal blood vessels.
If you have any further questions about diabetic retinopathy, call us at (586) 221-4360. We serve Shelby Township, MI.